"When the Eagle returns, we will again be a great nation." — Jonas Shawandase,
Spanish American War Veteran & Tribal Elder of the 1950s
"Our culture is derivative of the natural resources. If our culture dies, the only remnants are
its physical attributes, which will soon be dispersed to the natural environment. If that
happens, there will be no trace of our living culture." — Stuart Harris, a Cayuse Indian &
senior staff scientist, Department of Natural Resources, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla
Most all Native American Indian Peoples attach special significance to the Eagle and its
feathers. Images of eagles and their feathers are used on many tribal logos as symbols of
the Native American Indian. To be given an Eagle feather is the highest honor that can be
awarded within indigenous cultures.
Both Bald and Golden Eagles (and their feathers) are highly revered and considered sacred
within American Indian traditions, culture and religion. They are honored with great care
and shown the deepest respect.
They represent honesty, truth, majesty, strength, courage, wisdom, power and freedom. As
they roam the sky, they are believed to have a special connection to God.
According to traditional American Indian beliefs, the Creator made all the birds of the sky
when the World was new. Of all the birds, the Creator chose the Eagle to be the leader...
the Master of the Sky.
The Eagle flies higher and sees better than any other bird. Therefore, its perspective is
different from other creations that are held close to the Earth, and it is closer to the Creator.
The Creator also has a different perspective of what occurs below in this world of physical
things in which humankind resides.
The Eagle spends more time in the higher element of Father Sky than other birds, and Father
Sky is an element of the Spirit.
The Eagle is considered to be a messenger to God. It was given the honor of carrying the
prayers of man between the World of Earth and the World of Spirit, where the Creator and grandfathers reside. To wear or hold an Eagle feather causes the Creator to take immediate
notice. With the Eagle feather, the Creator is honored in the highest way.
The wings of an Eagle represent the balance needed between male and female, each one
dependent upon the strengths and abilities of the other.
When one receives an Eagle feather, that person is being acknowledged with gratitude, love
and ultimate respect. The holder of the feather must ensure that anything that changes one’s
state of mind (alcohol and drugs) must never come in contact with a sacred Eagle feather.
The keeper of an Eagle feather makes a little home where the feather will be kept safely and protected.
It should be hung up within one’s home, not placed in drawers or cupboards.
Eagle feathers are never to be abused, shown disrespect, dropped or contaminated. Only real
true human Men and Women carry the Eagle feather.
Many dancers use Eagle feathers as part of their dance regalia. The Creek and Cherokee have
an Eagle Dance. If for any reason an eagle feather is dropped, it needs to be cleansed. The
arena director’s job is to guard the Eagle feather and not leave the spot it is in until the
proper cleansing ceremony is performed.
Eagle feathers were awarded to Indian Braves, warriors and Chieftains for extreme acts of
valour and bravery. These feathers were difficult to come by, and were earned one at a time.
Regardless of where or how an Indian Brave accumulated Eagle feathers, he was not allowed, according to Tribal Law, to wear them until he won them by a brave deed. He had to appear
before the Tribal Council and tell or reenact his exploit. Witnesses were examined and, if in
the eyes of the council, the deed was thought worthy, the Indian Brave was then allowed to
wear the feathers in his hair or Indian Headdress or Indian War Bonnet.
An Indian would rather part with his horse or tepee, than to lose his Eagle feathers. To do so would be dishonour in the eyes of his Tribe. Many of the old American Indian Chiefs had
won enough honours to wear a double-trailed bonnet that dragged the ground. Only the
great and important men of the Tribes had the right to wear the double-trailed Indian War
During the “Four Sacred Rituals”, American Indians wear or hold Eagle feathers. The “Flag
Song” has its earliest origins during the period when some Indian Nations would honor the
Eagle feather staffs of leaders from different other bands of Indian Nations.
Under both U.S. and Canadian law, a permit is required from official governmental
conservation authorities of anyone to possess an Eagle feather legally. Native American
Indians acquiring Bald and Golden Eagle feathers must use them for traditional ceremonies
or teaching purposes.
Under normal circumstances, it is illegal to use, sell or possess Eagle feathers. Anyone
possessing an Eagle feather without a federal permit can face stiff fines and imprisonment.
The American Indian holds the Eagle in the highest regard, and has a true "heart and soul
desire" to keep
it flying healthy and free for many generations to come.
“Prophesy says that it is time to share some of the sacred traditions of our culture. The four colours of man will be coming together to unite and heal. Creator has given different gifts and
responsibilities to each of the four colours. Ours is to help preserve Earth for all the children. Time is running out. It’s time to act.” — Indigenous Spiritual Leaders of the Americas